Capacitive behaviours of phosphorus-rich carbons derived from lignocelluloses

Huang, Congcong, Puziy, Alexander M., Sun, Ting, Poddubnaya, Olga I., Suarez-Garcia, Fabián, Tascon, Juan M.D. and Hulicova-Jurcakova, Denisa (2014) Capacitive behaviours of phosphorus-rich carbons derived from lignocelluloses. Electrochimica Acta, 137 219-227. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2014.05.101

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Author Huang, Congcong
Puziy, Alexander M.
Sun, Ting
Poddubnaya, Olga I.
Suarez-Garcia, Fabián
Tascon, Juan M.D.
Hulicova-Jurcakova, Denisa
Title Capacitive behaviours of phosphorus-rich carbons derived from lignocelluloses
Journal name Electrochimica Acta   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0013-4686
Publication date 2014-08-10
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.05.101
Open Access Status
Volume 137
Start page 219
End page 227
Total pages 9
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
 A series of phosphorus and oxygen enriched carbons prepared by phosphoric acid activation of the lignocellulosic waste, fruit stones, are studied as the electrodes of supercapacitor in 1 M H2SO4 electrolyte. The microstructure and surface properties of the carbons are characterized by N2 and CO2 sorptions and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. Cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge and wide potential window test are carried out to evaluate the electrochemical performances of the carbon electrodes. Statistical analysis is employed to confirm the limitation of the operation potential of the supercapacitors. The results show that the sample with balanced porous structure and higher phosphorus content exhibits a specific capacitance of 165 F g-1, delivers an energy density of 13 Wh kg-1 at an operation window of 1.5 V, and shows stable cycling performance with a retention ratio of 99% even after 20000 cycles. This work suggests that the adjusted pore structure and surface functional groups which influenced the capacitive performance of the carbon electrode can be finely adjusted by the activation temperature.
Keyword Phosphorus-rich carbon
Surface functional groups
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 9 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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