Life satisfaction in older women in Latvia and Sweden - relations to standard of living, aspects of health and coping behaviour

Horstmann, Vibeke, Haak, Maria, Tomsone, Signe, Iwarsson, Susanne and Gräsbeck, Anne (2012) Life satisfaction in older women in Latvia and Sweden - relations to standard of living, aspects of health and coping behaviour. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 27 4: 391-407. doi:10.1007/s10823-012-9176-z


Author Horstmann, Vibeke
Haak, Maria
Tomsone, Signe
Iwarsson, Susanne
Gräsbeck, Anne
Title Life satisfaction in older women in Latvia and Sweden - relations to standard of living, aspects of health and coping behaviour
Journal name Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0169-3816
1573-0719
Publication date 2012-12
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10823-012-9176-z
Open Access Status
Volume 27
Issue 4
Start page 391
End page 407
Total pages 16
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer
Language eng
Abstract To study and compare associations between life satisfaction and standard of living, health, and coping behaviour in older single-living women in two countries with different political, economical and cultural situations: Latvia and Sweden. Cross sectional data included 260 Latvian and 288 Swedish women, aged 75-84 and 80-89, from the ENABLE-AGE Survey Study. Life satisfaction was assessed by the question: All in all, how satisfied are you with your life? Standard of living was assessed by economic and housing conditions, and health by perceived and objective health and activities in daily living. Three factors, Fight, Helplessness, and Distraction, were obtained from the Coping Patterns Schedule. Correlations between Life satisfaction and standard of living, health, and coping were calculated. The variance in Life satisfaction explained by these variables was obtained in each sample by ordinal regression models. Life satisfaction was significantly lower in the Latvian sample than in the Swedish. Standard of living was lower and health poorer in the younger Latvian sample than in the Swedish, but more of the variance in Life satisfaction was explained in the Latvian sample by standard of living (18 % vs 2 %) and less by health (6 % vs 15 %). Coping factors explained 29 % of the variation in Life satisfaction in the Latvian sample as opposed to 15 % in the Swedish. For single-living older women low standard of living seems to be a more serious obstacle than poor health, making it difficult to obtain a reasonable life satisfaction.
Keyword Coping
Health
Life satisfaction
Older women
Standard of living
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 02 Jul 2014, 10:42:26 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work