Visual-structural context effects in the spoken production of object names

Hegarty, Aidan (2013). Visual-structural context effects in the spoken production of object names Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Hegarty, Aidan
Thesis Title Visual-structural context effects in the spoken production of object names
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2013-10-09
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Greig de Zubicaray
Total pages 58
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary The processes underlying speech production, in particular object naming, are subject to many influential factors. The naming of a target object (e.g., DOG) in context with categorically related distractor words or pictures, results in slower response times in naming. This effect is known as semantic interference. Each model of speech production accounts for this interference effect with the assumption that a semantic category node is involved. (e.g. The node of ANIMAL encompassing exemplar items such as dog, or horse). The activation of this node results in co-activated lexical candidates within the category, that compete for selection, therefore increasing the time taken in naming a target. The assignment of a target picture concept (e.g., DOG) to a category within semantic memory (e.g., ANIMAL) often involves the recognition of visual-structural features that define the category itself (e.g., has a face, fur, four legs, tail etc), signifying the importance of visual features in classification. Yet no studies have focussed on the importance of visual features in the absence of categorically related concepts. To investigate this, a picture-word interference (PWI) task and a blocked cyclic naming task were utilised, in which visual similarity between target pictures was maximised while removing shared category membership and any semantic relationships. It was found that within the PWI task, the time taken in object naming was greater when both the target and distractor were visually similar compared to when they were dissimilar. Within the blocked cyclic naming task, it was found that within homogeneous blocks (visually similar); reaction time was slower across cycles than within heterogenous blocks (visually dissimilar). This evidence suggests that the activation of a category node may not be necessary to explain interference effects, rather shared feature overlap may provide a sufficient explanation for competitive activation of lexical candidates in selection.
Keyword Visual-structural context
spoken production

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Created: Wed, 02 Jul 2014, 08:47:16 EST by Danico Jones on behalf of School of Psychology