Lifestyle practices and obesity in Malaysian adolescents

Teo, Pey Sze, Nurul-Fadhilah, Abdullah, Aziz, Mohd Ezane, Hills, Andrew P. and Foo, Leng Huat (2014) Lifestyle practices and obesity in Malaysian adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11 6: 5828-5838. doi:10.3390/ijerph110605828

Author Teo, Pey Sze
Nurul-Fadhilah, Abdullah
Aziz, Mohd Ezane
Hills, Andrew P.
Foo, Leng Huat
Title Lifestyle practices and obesity in Malaysian adolescents
Journal name International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1661-7827
Publication date 2014-05-30
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3390/ijerph110605828
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 11
Issue 6
Start page 5828
End page 5838
Total pages 11
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publisher Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Aim: To determine the influence of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) on obesity profiles of 454 Malaysian adolescents aged 12 to 19. Methods: Validated PA and SB questionnaires were used and body composition assessed using anthropometry and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Results: Gender-specific multivariate analyses showed boys with high levels of total PA and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) exhibited significantly lower levels of total body fat, percent body fat and android fat mass compared with low PA and MVPA groups, after adjusting for potential confounders. Girls with high SB levels showed significantly higher BMI, waist circumference and DXA-derived body fat indices than those at lower SB level. Multiple logistic analyses indicated that boys with low levels of total PA and MVPA had significantly greater obesity risk, 3.0 (OR 3.0; 95% CI, 1.1-8.1; p < 0.05) and 3.8-fold (OR 3.8; 95% CI, 1.4-10.1; p < 0.01), respectively, than more active boys. Only in girls with high SB level was there a significantly increased risk of obesity, 2.9 times higher than girls at low SP levels (OR 2.8; 95% CI, 1.0-7.5; p < 0.05). Conclusions: The present findings indicate that higher PA duration and intensity reduced body fat and obesity risk while high screen-based sedentary behaviors significantly adversely influenced body fat mass, particularly amongst girls when the PA level was low.
Keyword Adolescents
Body fat
Physical activity
Sedentary practices
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Mater Research Institute-UQ (MRI-UQ)
Official 2015 Collection
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