Comparison of UASB and EGSB performance on the anaerobic biodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol

Puyol, D., Mohedano, A. F., Sanz, J. L. and Rodriguez, J. J. (2009) Comparison of UASB and EGSB performance on the anaerobic biodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol. Chemosphere, 76 9: 1192-1198. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.06.015


Author Puyol, D.
Mohedano, A. F.
Sanz, J. L.
Rodriguez, J. J.
Title Comparison of UASB and EGSB performance on the anaerobic biodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol
Journal name Chemosphere   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0045-6535
1879-1298
Publication date 2009
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.06.015
Open Access Status
Volume 76
Issue 9
Start page 1192
End page 1198
Total pages 7
Place of publication Pergamon
Publisher Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Language eng
Abstract The anaerobic degradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) and expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactors using glucose as main carbon source was studied. The performance of both systems was compared in terms of 2,4-DCP and COD removal efficiencies, methane production, stability, granular sludge adaptability as well as reversion of the bacterial inhibition. Both organic and 2,4-DCP loading rates were incrementally varied through the experiments. With loading rates of 1.9 g COD L-1 d-1 and 100 mg 2,4-DCP L-1 d-1, 75% and 84% removal efficiencies of this compound, accompanied by COD consumption efficiencies of 61% and 80% were achieved in the UASB and EGSB reactors, respectively. In these conditions, methane production reached 0.088 L CH4 g-1 COD in the EGSB reactor whereas in the UASB reactor was almost negligible. Decreasing the 2,4-DCP loading rate to 30 mg L-1 d-1 an improvement in the methane production was observed in both reactors (methanogenic activity of 0.148 and 0.192 L CH4 g-1 COD in UASB and EGSB reactors, respectively). Efficiency of dechlorination was improved in both reactors from around 30% to 80% by reducing to one-half the COD due to a decreasing of the 4-chlorophenol concentration accumulated in the effluents of both reactors. The dechlorination efficiency of the UASB reactor was dramatically inhibited at a 2,4-DCP feed concentration above around 210 mg L-1 because of 2,4-DCP accumulation in the effluent. SEM studies revealed no significant morphological changes in the sludge granules.
Keyword 2,4-Dichlorophenol
Biodegradation
EGSB
Methanogenesis
UASB
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
 
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