Morphometric comparison of clavicle outlines from 3D bone scans and 2D chest radiographs: a shortlisting tool to assist radiographic identification of human skeletons

Stephan, Carl N., Amidan, Brett, Trease, Harold, Guyomarc'h, Pierre, Pulsipher, Trenton and Byrd, John E. (2014) Morphometric comparison of clavicle outlines from 3D bone scans and 2D chest radiographs: a shortlisting tool to assist radiographic identification of human skeletons. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 59 2: 306-313. doi:10.1111/1556-4029.12324


Author Stephan, Carl N.
Amidan, Brett
Trease, Harold
Guyomarc'h, Pierre
Pulsipher, Trenton
Byrd, John E.
Title Morphometric comparison of clavicle outlines from 3D bone scans and 2D chest radiographs: a shortlisting tool to assist radiographic identification of human skeletons
Journal name Journal of Forensic Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-1198
1556-4029
Publication date 2014-03-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1556-4029.12324
Volume 59
Issue 2
Start page 306
End page 313
Total pages 8
Place of publication Hoboken, NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract This paper describes a computerized clavicle identification system primarily designed to resolve the identities of unaccounted-for U.S. soldiers who fought in the Korean War. Elliptical Fourier analysis is used to quantify the clavicle outline shape from skeletons and postero-anterior antemortem chest radiographs to rank individuals in terms of metric distance. Similar to leading fingerprint identification systems, shortlists of the top matching candidates are extracted for subsequent human visual assessment. Two independent tests of the computerized system using 17 field-recovered skeletons and 409 chest radiographs demonstrate that true-positive matches are captured within the top 5% of the sample 75% of the time. These results are outstanding given the eroded state of some field-recovered skeletons and the faintness of the 1950's photofluorographs. These methods enhance the capability to resolve several hundred cold cases for which little circumstantial information exists and current DNA and dental record technologies cannot be applied.
Keyword Computer-assisted
Elliptical Fourier analysis
Forensic anthropology
Forensic science
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online 6 December 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Biomedical Sciences Publications
 
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