Transition to Parenthood: Investigating Prenatal Parenting Self-Efficacy

Bowd, Courtney (2013). Transition to Parenthood: Investigating Prenatal Parenting Self-Efficacy Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Bowd, Courtney
Thesis Title Transition to Parenthood: Investigating Prenatal Parenting Self-Efficacy
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2013-10-09
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor Alina Morawska
Total pages 103
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary Abstract The transition to parenthood results in many changes which can be either positive or negative for parents-to-be. The negative changes can be associated with low parenting self-efficacy, which in turn affects parenting and child outcomes. Although the research suggests that parenting self-efficacy in the prenatal period predicts postnatal parenting self-efficacy, few studies have investigated the predictors of prenatal parenting selfefficacy. This study aimed to investigate these predictors and identify areas in which first time parents have low parenting self-efficacy. Forty parents-to-be who were currently expecting their first child completed measures of prenatal parenting selfefficacy, pregnancy specific distress, depression, family history, previous experience with infants, relationship satisfaction, satisfaction with sources of social support, and demographic information. It was hypothesised that after controlling for the effects of previous experience with infants and the quality of the participant’s relationship with their parents growing up, higher levels of relationship satisfaction and satisfaction with formal and informal sources of social support would predict higher levels of prenatal parenting self-efficacy. Conversely, lower levels of depression and pregnancy specific distress were hypothesised to predict higher levels of prenatal parenting self-efficacy. Previous experience with infants emerged as a significant predictor of prenatal parenting self-efficacy. However, all other hypothesised predictors were not found to be significant. Additionally, it was hypothesised that satisfaction with informal and formal sources of social support would moderate the hypothesised relationship between pregnancy specific distress and prenatal parenting self-efficacy. However, this hypothesis was not supported. Practical implications and recommendations for future research are discussed.
Keyword Transition to parenthood
Self -efficacy

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Created: Wed, 11 Jun 2014, 08:16:53 EST by Danico Jones on behalf of School of Psychology