Rice and remittances: crop intensification versus labour migration in Southern Laos

Manivong, Vongpaphane, Cramb, Rob and Newby, Jonathan (2014) Rice and remittances: crop intensification versus labour migration in Southern Laos. Human Ecology, 42 3: 367-379. doi:10.1007/s10745-014-9656-6

Author Manivong, Vongpaphane
Cramb, Rob
Newby, Jonathan
Title Rice and remittances: crop intensification versus labour migration in Southern Laos
Journal name Human Ecology
ISSN 0300-7839
Publication date 2014-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10745-014-9656-6
Open Access Status
Volume 42
Issue 3
Start page 367
End page 379
Total pages 13
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Despite being a low-income, agriculture-based country with a subsistence orientation, Laos is in the early stages of a major economic transformation whereby rural households have been experiencing rapid change in their farming and livelihood systems. Some households have begun to engage in semi-commercial farming while others have adopted labour-oriented or migration-oriented livelihood strategies. This paper explores how rural households in six villages in the lowlands of Champasak Province in southern Laos make a living. These villages vary in their access to irrigation and to markets. Nevertheless, in all villages, long-term migration of younger household members to neighbouring Thailand has come to play a large role in household livelihood strategies. In some cases this is necessary to meet the household’s consumption requirements; in most, it is part of a diversified strategy in which rice farming still plays a significant role, though still largely for subsistence. The paper examines some of the issues involved in attempting to promote intensive, market-oriented rice farming in a context of an emerging on-farm labour shortage combined with an increasing flow of remittances from migrant family members.
Keyword Migration
Rice intensification
Livelihood strategy
Rural poverty
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2015 Collection
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 4 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 5 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 10 Jun 2014, 16:20:44 EST by Rob Cramb on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences