A fossil kiwi (Apterygiformes) from the early miocene St Bathans Fauna, New Zealand

Worthy, Trevor H., Tennyson, Alan J. D., Salisbury, Steven, Hand, Suzanne J. and Scofield, R. Paul (2012). A fossil kiwi (Apterygiformes) from the early miocene St Bathans Fauna, New Zealand. In: 8th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution: Programme and Abstracts. 8th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution, Vienna, Austria, (25-25). 11-16 June, 2012.

Author Worthy, Trevor H.
Tennyson, Alan J. D.
Salisbury, Steven
Hand, Suzanne J.
Scofield, R. Paul
Title of paper A fossil kiwi (Apterygiformes) from the early miocene St Bathans Fauna, New Zealand
Conference name 8th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution
Conference location Vienna, Austria
Conference dates 11-16 June, 2012
Proceedings title 8th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution: Programme and Abstracts
Place of Publication Wien, Österreich
Publisher Naturhistorisches Museum Wien
Publication Year 2012
Year available 2012
Sub-type Published abstract
Open Access Status
Start page 25
End page 25
Total pages 1
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
The St Bathans Fauna from the Early Miocene, Bannockburn Formation, Manuherikia Group, Central Otago, South Island, New Zealand has revealed a diverse vertebrate fauna over the last decade of investigation. It was deposited in a lacustrine setting so unsurprisingly is dominated by fish (eleotrids, galaxiids and retropinnids). However, a diverse non-fish vertebrate fauna revealed in about 5000 specimens, includes frogs, turtles, sphenodontids, squamates, crocodilians, terrestrial and aerial mammals, and birds. Bird fossils dominate the assemblage in both frequency and diversity with about 40 taxa now represented. Waterfowl dominate with nine species in five genera, but other waterbirds (ardeids, palaelodids, charadriiforms and rallids) are diverse. Strictly terrestrial birds, such as accipitrids, psittaciforms, columbids, and passerines are diverse but rare. The fauna has so far revealed representatives of all the quintessential terrestrial vertebrates of New Zealand (sphenodontids, leiopelmatid frogs, moa, strigopid parrots, an aptornithid gruiform, and an acanthisittid wren) but notably has hitherto not revealed kiwi ancestors. Here we report two fossils from the fauna that represent a new species and genus of kiwi (Apterygidae) and which for the first time give insight into the evolution of the clade.
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 03 Jun 2014, 10:35:23 EST by Jon Swabey on behalf of School of Biological Sciences