The association of AIDS with homosexuality has been a major factor in the shaping of public response and the formulation Of preventive strategies.
An historical account of AIDS from its emergence in the USA in early 1981 to the present pandemic situation gives an understanding of the origins of this association. The detailed explanation of HIV infection and transmission, an outline of the disease progression and HIV antibody testing illustrate some of the complexities facing medical science.
It is proposed that preventive strategies are the only viable option in containment of AIDS, as currently therapeutic interventions are ineffectual. The dehomosexualization of AIDS is central to community acceptance of preventive measures, which should avoid any discrimination or stigmatization.
Various preventive strategies are examined and their implications and possible outcomes discussed. This analysis provides the framework for closer scrutiny of Commonwealth responses.
The examination of measures introduced by the Queensland State Government and the development and responses made by the Queensland AIDS Council, supported by research findings and case histories, illustrate the failure to dehomosexualize the AIDS issue in that State.
This thesis develops then a contextual understanding critical to any examination of policy making and welfare practice in the area of AIDS-related service provision with particular reference to Queensland.