Positive affect increases secondary control among causally uncertain individuals

Tobin, Stephanie J. and George, Melanie P. (2014) Positive affect increases secondary control among causally uncertain individuals. Cognition and Emotion, 29 3: 401-415. doi:10.1080/02699931.2014.916253


Author Tobin, Stephanie J.
George, Melanie P.
Title Positive affect increases secondary control among causally uncertain individuals
Journal name Cognition and Emotion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0269-9931
1464-0600
Publication date 2014-05-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/02699931.2014.916253
Open Access Status
Volume 29
Issue 3
Start page 401
End page 415
Total pages 15
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract Secondary control (acceptance of and adjustment to negative events) is thought to promote positive affect. We examined the opposite path: could positive affect increase secondary control, particularly among individuals high in causal uncertainty, who stand to benefit from it the most? In two studies, participants completed a causal uncertainty scale, thought about a problem while listening to affect-inducing music or no music, and then completed items that assessed secondary control. In Study 1, the music induced positive or negative affect. In Study 2, the music induced affect that was high or low in activation and positive or negative in valence. In both studies, we found that positive affect-inducing music increased secondary control among high causal uncertainty participants. Furthermore, trait affect did not account for the effects of causal uncertainty, and music did not influence primary control. These findings show that secondary control can fluctuate as a function of state affect.
Keyword Affect
Causal uncertainty
Secondary control
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 28 May 2014, 12:47:34 EST by Dr Stephanie Tobin on behalf of School of Psychology