The influence of training on the attentional blink and psychological refractory period

Garner, K. G., Tombu, M. N. and Dux, P. E. (2014) The influence of training on the attentional blink and psychological refractory period. Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics, 76 4: 979-999. doi:10.3758/s13414-014-0638-y


Author Garner, K. G.
Tombu, M. N.
Dux, P. E.
Title The influence of training on the attentional blink and psychological refractory period
Journal name Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1943-393X
1943-3921
Publication date 2014-05
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3758/s13414-014-0638-y
Open Access Status
Volume 76
Issue 4
Start page 979
End page 999
Total pages 21
Place of publication New York, United States
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Abstract A growing body of research suggests that dual-task interference in sensory consolidation (e.g., the attentional blink, AB) and response selection (e.g., the psychological refractory period, PRP) stems from a common central bottleneck of information processing. With regard to response selection, it is well known that training reduces dual-task interference. We tested whether training that is known to be effective for response selection can also reduce dual-task interference in sensory consolidation. Over two experiments, performance on a PRP paradigm (Exp. 1) and on AB paradigms (differing in their stimuli and task demands, Exps. 1 and 2) was examined after participants had completed a relevant training regimen (T1 practice for both paradigms), an irrelevant training regimen (comparable sensorimotor training, not related to T1 for both tasks), a visual-search training regimen (Exp. 2 only), or after participants had been allocated to a no-training control group. Training that had shown to be effective for reducing dual-task interference in response selection was also found to be effective for reducing interference in sensory consolidation. In addition, we found some evidence that training benefits transferred to the sensory consolidation of untrained stimuli. Collectively, these findings show that training benefits can transfer across cognitive operations that draw on the central bottleneck in information processing. These findings have implications for theories of the AB and for the design of cognitive-training regimens that aim to produce transferable training benefits.
Keyword Cognitive training
Attention
Capacity limitations
Attentional blink
Psychological refractory period
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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