Oil import diversification in Northeast Asia: A comparison between China and Japan

Vivoda, Vlado and Manicom, James (2011) Oil import diversification in Northeast Asia: A comparison between China and Japan. Journal of East Asian Studies, 11 2: 223-254. doi:10.1017/S1598240800007177

Author Vivoda, Vlado
Manicom, James
Title Oil import diversification in Northeast Asia: A comparison between China and Japan
Journal name Journal of East Asian Studies   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1598-2408
Publication date 2011-05
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S1598240800007177
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 11
Issue 2
Start page 223
End page 254
Total pages 32
Place of publication Boulder, United States
Publisher Lynne Rienner Publishers
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In this article, we explore why oil import patterns differ between states with a view to understanding the relationship between agent-based explanations such as strategy and structural explanations-for example, geography. We compare degree of diversification between China and Japan in an effort to explore the relationship between agency and structure in the formation of energy security policy. The China-Japan comparison is contextualized with reference to the baseline case of the United States, a well-diversified importer. We employ the Shannon-Wiener index of diversity to assess the extent of oil import diversification, and temporal changes in diversification for China, Japan, and the United States. A key finding is that China's statist approach has allowed it to diversify its sources of imported oil more quickly than Japan's hybrid approach. In fact, since becoming a net oil importer in 1993, China's sources of imported oil have diversified quite rapidly. Japan's overreliance on the Middle East for much of its imported oil has been endemic since 1973.
Keyword China
Oil imports
Energy security
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining Publications
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