La destinee Asiatique de L'Australie

Rey, Marie-benedicte (2012). La destinee Asiatique de L'Australie PhD Thesis, School of History, Philosophy, Religion and Classics, The University of Queensland. doi:10.14264/uql.2014.137

       
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Author Rey, Marie-benedicte
Thesis Title La destinee Asiatique de L'Australie
Translated title The Asian Destiny of Australia
School, Centre or Institute School of History, Philosophy, Religion and Classics
Institution The University of Queensland
DOI 10.14264/uql.2014.137
Publication date 2012
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Supervisor Robert Elson
Franck Lessay
Jean-Michel Lacroix
Total pages 831
Language fre
Subjects 21 History and Archaeology
210303 Australian History (excl. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History)
Formatted abstract
Avant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, l’Australie était fermée à l’Asie, motivée par la peur du « péril jaune » et un sentiment de supériorité raciale ; la majeure partie de sa population venait d’Europe et le pays se plaçait sous la protection britannique pour éviter l’« invasion asiatique ». La Seconde Guerre mondiale et le processus de décolonisation bouleversèrent la géopolitique de l’Australie qui prit conscience de l’importance de son voisinage pour sa sécurité et pour sa prospérité. En tant que pays occidental situé au bord de l’Asie, l’Australie devait trouver sa place dans le nouveau contexte et se repenser pour adapter son histoire à sa géographie. C’est ainsi que le gouvernement développales relations économiques et politiques avec les pays voisins et ouvrit le pays aux Asiatiques. Ce processus d’engagement régional, qui s’intensifia entre 1942 et 2002, allait changer la perception identitaire du pays et de son peuple. Mots clés : Australie, Asie, identité, politique, économie et immigration

Before the Second World War, Australia’s borders were closed to Asia’s peoples and relations with the Asian countries were limited ; this was justified by the nation’s fear of the « yellow peril » and a sense of racial superiority. At that time, the vast majority of  Australia’s population originated from Europe and the protection offered by Great Britain in part assisted in the avoidance of an « Asian invasion ». World War Two and the process of decolonisation brought about a drastic change in the geopolitics of Australia, and the importance of the Asian region with respect to the nation’s security and prosperity began to be recognised. As a Western country on the fringe of Asia, Australia had to find its place in this new context and to reinvent itself to reconcile its history with its geography. In this respect, the Australian government soon developed economic and political relations with the neighbouring countries and opened immigration channels to people of the Asian region. This process of regional engagement, which intensified between 1942 and 2002, would change the perceived identity perception of the country and of its people.
Keyword Australia
Asia
Identity
Politics
Economy and immigration

 
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Created: Thu, 22 May 2014, 04:02:27 EST by Ms Marie-benedicte Rey on behalf of University of Queensland Graduate School