Modulation of the microbial fermentation in the gut by fermentable carbohydrates

Hugenholtz, Floor, Mullaney, Jane Adair, Kleerebezem, Michiel, Smidt, Hauke and Rosendale, Douglas Ian (2013) Modulation of the microbial fermentation in the gut by fermentable carbohydrates. Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre, 2 2: 133-142. doi:10.1016/j.bcdf.2013.09.008


Author Hugenholtz, Floor
Mullaney, Jane Adair
Kleerebezem, Michiel
Smidt, Hauke
Rosendale, Douglas Ian
Title Modulation of the microbial fermentation in the gut by fermentable carbohydrates
Journal name Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre
ISSN 2212-6198
Publication date 2013-10
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.bcdf.2013.09.008
Open Access Status
Volume 2
Issue 2
Start page 133
End page 142
Total pages 10
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract This review considers fermentable carbohydrates and their role in maintaining health through their availability as fuel for the gut microbiota. The microbiota possesses remarkably diverse function, and is likely modifiable by diet. Therefore a diet rich in varied fermentable carbohydrates such as dietary fibre, glycosylated polyphenolics, glucosinolates and other plant glycans, applied in a sustained fashion may promote microbial diversity leading to improved health. This may be achieved by increasing the flexibility of the microbiota's capability to interact with diverse dietary environments, or via increasing production of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) from the fermentation of carbohydrates. A higher functional modular complexity is indicative of gut health, whilst SCFAs may reduce the risk of developing gastrointestinal disorders, cancer, and cardiovascular disease.
Keyword Fermentable carbohydrates
Health
Microbiota
Short chain fatty acids
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Non HERDC
UQ Diamantina Institute Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 19 May 2014, 11:27:09 EST by Jane Mullaney on behalf of UQ Diamantina Institute