Zhou, HuaLin, Mangelsdorf, Marie, Liu, JiangHong, Zhu, Liu and Wu, Jane Y. (2014) RNA-binding proteins in neurological diseases. Science China Life Sciences, 574: 432-444. doi:10.1007/s11427-014-4647-9
Emerging studies support that RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) play critical roles in human biology and pathogenesis. RBPs are essential players in RNA processing and metabolism, including pre-mRNA splicing, polyadenylation, transport, surveillance, mRNA localization, mRNA stability control, translational control and editing of various types of RNAs. Aberrant expression of and mutations in RBP genes affect various steps of RNA processing, altering target gene function. RBPs have been associated with various diseases, including neurological diseases. Here, we mainly focus on selected RNA-binding proteins including Nova-1/Nova-2, HuR/HuB/HuC/HuD, TDP-43, Fus, Rbfox1/Rbfox2, QKI and FMRP, discussing their function and roles in human diseases.