Preliminary archaeobotanical investigations of plant production, consumption, and trade at middle bronze age Kultepe-Kanesh

Fairbairn, Andrew (2014). Preliminary archaeobotanical investigations of plant production, consumption, and trade at middle bronze age Kultepe-Kanesh. In Levent Atici, Fikri Kulakoğlu, Gojko Barjamovic and Andrew Fairbairn (Ed.), Current Research at Kültepe/Kanesh: An Interdisciplinary and Integrative Approach to Trade Networks, Internationalism, and Identity (pp. 177-193) Atlanta, GA, USA: Lockwood Press.

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Author Fairbairn, Andrew
Title of chapter Preliminary archaeobotanical investigations of plant production, consumption, and trade at middle bronze age Kultepe-Kanesh
Formatted title
Preliminary archaeobotanical investigations of plant production, consumption, and trade at middle bronze age Kültepe-Kanesh
Title of book Current Research at Kültepe/Kanesh: An Interdisciplinary and Integrative Approach to Trade Networks, Internationalism, and Identity
Place of Publication Atlanta, GA, USA
Publisher Lockwood Press
Publication Year 2014
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
Open Access Status
Series Journal of Cuneiform Studies. Supplemental Series
ISBN 9780897570091
9781937040192
9781937040208
Editor Levent Atici
Fikri Kulakoğlu
Gojko Barjamovic
Andrew Fairbairn
Volume number 4
Chapter number 11
Start page 177
End page 193
Total pages 17
Total chapters 12
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Archaeobotany—the study of plant remains preserved in archaeological strata—provides a complementary view of past plant use to that provided by the historical record at the Middle Bronze Age (MBA ) city of Kanesh. Systematic soil sampling and flotation processing has produced a rich record of charred plant remains from both the upper and lower cities. Preliminary results from Early Bronze Age III (EB III) and MBA contexts indicate differential patterns of plant consumption between the lower and upper cities, mainly in relation to differences in the consumption of arable byproducts, such as straw and chaff, with a historical change in the importance of crop species seen between the EB III and MBA occupations. Crop assemblages mirror those found across the region, being dominated by hulled wheat, naked wheat and hulled barley with lentil and bitter vetch also present. MBA trade in hazelnuts is confirmed through the presence of nutshell fragments in three contexts from the upper and lower cities and trade in some other fruits is probable. Furthermore, weed seeds indicate the exploitation of wetter, perhaps irrigated, lands along the river valleys, as well as drier areas upslope. Processed food, including possible bread, is also recorded. While in its early stages, preliminary archaeobotanical evidence shows great promise as a source of evidence to complement historical sources concerning the MBA plant economy, corroborative evidence confirming contentious historical interpretations of plant use and offers the possibility of long-term diachronic analysis of change in plant use, economy, and landscape.
Keyword Archaeobotany
Bronze age
Turkey
Assyrian trade colony
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Authors prepub title: "Archaeobotanical Investigations of Plant Consumption and Trade at Middle Bronze Age Kültepe/Kanesh".

 
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Created: Mon, 12 May 2014, 14:39:31 EST by Dr Andrew Fairbairn on behalf of School of Social Science