Holding the baby: early mother-infant contact after childbirth and outcomes

Redshaw, Maggie, Hennegan, Julie and Kruske, Sue (2014) Holding the baby: early mother-infant contact after childbirth and outcomes. Midwifery, 30 5: E177-E187. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2014.02.003

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Author Redshaw, Maggie
Hennegan, Julie
Kruske, Sue
Title Holding the baby: early mother-infant contact after childbirth and outcomes
Journal name Midwifery   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0266-6138
1532-3099
Publication date 2014-05
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.midw.2014.02.003
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 30
Issue 5
Start page E177
End page E187
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Churchill Livingstone
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aim
to describe the timing, type and duration of initial infant contact and associated demographic and clinical factors in addition to investigating the impact of early contact on breastfeeding and maternal health and well being after birth.

Method
data from a recent population survey of women birthing in Queensland, Australia were used to describe the nature of the first hold and associated demographic characteristics. Initial comparisons, with subsequent adjustment for type of birthing facility and mode of childbirth, were used to assess associations between timing, type and duration of initial contact and outcomes. Further analyses were conducted to investigate a dose–response relationship between duration of first contact and outcomes.

Findings
women who had an unassisted vaginal birth held their infant sooner, and for longer than women who had an assisted vaginal birth or caesarean and were more satisfied with their early contact. Multivariate models showed a number of demographic and clinical interventions contributing to timing, duration and type of first contact with type of birthing facility (public/private), area of residence, and assisted birth as prominent factors. For women who had a vaginal birth; early, skin-to-skin, and longer duration of initial contact were associated with high rates of breastfeeding initiation and breastfeeding at discharge, but not breastfeeding at 13 weeks. Some aspects of early contact were associated with improved maternal well being. However, these associations were not found for women who had a caesarean birth. With longer durations of first contact, a dose–response effect was found for breastfeeding.

Conclusion
results of the study provide a description of current practice in Queensland, Australia and factors impacting on early contact. For vaginal births, findings add to the evidence in support of early skin-to-skin contact for an extended period. It is suggested that all research in this area should consider the effects of early contact separately for women having vaginal and caesarean births.

Implications for practice
care providers should consider extending the period of early contact in routine care following vaginal birth and explore the way in which women having a caesarean birth might be better supported in benefitting from early contact with their infant.
Keyword Birth
Breastfeeding
Mother-infant contact
Skin-to-skin
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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