Burnout and work engagement in occupational therapists

Poulsen, Anne A., Meredith, Pamela, Khan, Asaduzzaman, Henderson Julie, Castrisos, Veronica and Khan, Shanchita R. (2014) Burnout and work engagement in occupational therapists. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 77 3: 156-164. doi:10.4276/030802214X13941036266621

Author Poulsen, Anne A.
Meredith, Pamela
Khan, Asaduzzaman
Henderson Julie
Castrisos, Veronica
Khan, Shanchita R.
Title Burnout and work engagement in occupational therapists
Journal name British Journal of Occupational Therapy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0308-0226
Publication date 2014
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4276/030802214X13941036266621
Open Access Status
Volume 77
Issue 3
Start page 156
End page 164
Total pages 9
Place of publication SouthWark, London, United Kingdom
Publisher College of Occupational Therapists Ltd.
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Subject 3609 Occupational Therapy
Abstract Introduction:Work engagement, characterized by vigour, dedication, and absorption, is often perceived as the opposite of burnout. Occupational therapists with burnout feel exhausted and disengaged from their work. This study aims to investigate demographic and work-related psychosocial factors associated with burnout and work engagement. Method: A cross-sectional postal survey of 951 occupational therapists was conducted. Findings: Two models representing factors associated with burnout (F(15,871) = 28.01, p < .001) and work engagement (F(10,852) = 16.15, p < .001) accounted for 32.54% and 15.93% of the variance respectively. Burnout and work engagement were inversely associated (2(n = 941) = 55.16, p < .001). Conclusion: Factors associated with burnout and work engagement were identified. The variables associated with burnout included: low psychological detachment from work during out-of-work hours, low income satisfaction, perceived work overload, difficulty saying 'no', < 10 years' experience, low frequency of having a 'belly laugh', and not having children. High levels of work engagement were reported by therapists with the following: low psychological detachment from work, high income satisfaction, postgraduate qualifications, > 40 hours work/week, high frequency of having a 'belly laugh', and having children. Understanding the factors associated with burnout and work engagement provides prerequisite information to inform strategies aimed at building healthy workforces.
Keyword Job satisfaction
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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