Forrest, Craig (2014). Australia. In James A. R. Nafziger and Robert Kirkwood Paterson (Ed.), Handbook On The Law Of Cultural Heritage And International Trade (pp. 1-650) Cheltenham, Glos, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. doi:10.4337/9781781007341

Author Forrest, Craig
Title of chapter Australia
Title of book Handbook On The Law Of Cultural Heritage And International Trade
Place of Publication Cheltenham, Glos, UK
Publisher Edward Elgar Publishing
Publication Year 2014
Sub-type Research book (original research)
DOI 10.4337/9781781007341
Open Access Status
Series Research Handbooks on Globalisation and the Law
ISBN 9781781007334
Editor James A. R. Nafziger
Robert Kirkwood Paterson
Chapter number 3
Start page 1
End page 650
Total pages 30
Total chapters 24
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
The protection of cultural objects in Australia is relatively new, owing mainly to an under-appreciation of both Aboriginal culture and, perhaps because of its youth, of migrant cultural heritage. The individual colonies of Victoria, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania did little to protect cultural heritage, though in some of these colonies museums were established as early as the 1820s. With the federation of the six colonial states of Australia in 1901, the ability to control the export and import of cultural objects fell to the Federal Commonwealth of Australia. Through the federal Customs Act 1901 the export of some cultural objects was regulated, but in no comprehensive manner, and the Act was reactive to the extent that it was applied on a piecemeal basis to address crises as they arose. Eventually the Act protected such categories as coins minted before 1901, ships and ships' stores, fossil material and geological specimens, archaeological material, and documents relating to land settlement between Aboriginals and early explorers. The opportunity to bring some order to this regime that protected a rather eclectic collection of heritage objects arose in the context of the international law agenda of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
TC Beirne School of Law Publications
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Created: Wed, 09 Apr 2014, 09:09:56 EST by Carmen Buttery on behalf of T.C. Beirne School of Law