Sturman, Andrew P. and McGowan, Hamish A. (2013). Climate. In Moshe Rapaport (Ed.), The Pacific Islands: Environment and Society. Revised Edition 2nd ed. (pp. 1-18) Honolulu, HI, USA: University of Hawaiʻi Press.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Sturman, Andrew P.
McGowan, Hamish A.
Title of chapter Climate
Title of book The Pacific Islands: Environment and Society. Revised Edition
Place of Publication Honolulu, HI, USA
Publisher University of Hawaiʻi Press
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
Edition 2nd
ISBN 9780824835866
Editor Moshe Rapaport
Chapter number 1
Start page 1
End page 18
Total pages 18
Total chapters 34
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
The islands of the Pacific Ocean experience a diverse variety of weather and climate (aggregate weather) due to their wide-ranging geographic locations, which encompass midlatitude to equatorial settings. Because Pacific islands are surrounded by vast areas of ocean, their climates are strongly influenced by maritime processes. Atmospheric circulation systems, terrain, and surface vegetation cover, however, frequently modify the maritime air masses that pass over islands. This results in distinct microclimates.

The main climate-related concerns for many Pacific Island nations are providing adequate water supplies and minimizing exposure to atmospheric hazards at a time of uncertain future climate change. The nature of atmospheric circulation in the Pacific region is such that there is considerable temporal and spatial variability. Some regions experience drought at the same time that others are flooded. The sustainability of many island societies is marginal, so such problems can place significant pressure on community viability.

Because of the immense diversity of atmospheric processes observed in the Pacific Basin, this chapter focuses only on some of the principal atmospheric phenomena relevant to the region. Local examples of these features are provided and their significance discussed. Observed and predicted climate change and variability are also reviewed. The major impacts of weather and climate on natural and human environments are also summarized.
Q-Index Code BX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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  • Climate Book Chapter (deposited 22-07-2010)
  • Climate (Current Record)
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Created: Fri, 28 Mar 2014, 13:17:07 EST by Helen Smith on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management