Technological cycles and their impact on science, engineering and engineering education

Klimenko, Alexander Y. (2008) Technological cycles and their impact on science, engineering and engineering education. The International Journal of Technology Knowledge and Society, 4 2: 11-18.

Author Klimenko, Alexander Y.
Title Technological cycles and their impact on science, engineering and engineering education
Journal name The International Journal of Technology Knowledge and Society   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1832-3669
Publication date 2008
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Open Access Status
Volume 4
Issue 2
Start page 11
End page 18
Total pages 8
Place of publication Champaign, IL, United States
Publisher Common Ground Publishing
Language eng
Abstract Large information systems involving mechanisms of duplicating and selecting information have an important common feature -- their cyclic behavior. Technological development does not occur at a continuous steady pace but involves technological leaps and revolutions when an old technology is replaced by a technology of new generation within relatively short period of time. A technological revolution is followed by a longer period of more steady, incremental development. Similar cycles are known in economics, science, history, biology and other areas. We discuss the cyclic nature of the evolution of human knowledge and find that the inventiveness and flexibility of the engineering approach has played a highly positive role at the turning points of technological development. Engineering methodology has to adapt to changing conditions and its ability to learn quickly from both science and environment is one of the main recipes for overall success of engineering. The inventive and active nature of engineering profession is reflected in the realities of engineering education: future engineers do need to be taught science and economics but the styles of education adopted in science and engineering are not the same.
Keyword Technological evolution
Science
Engineering
Engineering education
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collection: School of Mechanical & Mining Engineering Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 21 Mar 2014, 16:11:07 EST by Alex Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Mechanical and Mining Engineering