Development and brain drain: a review of Vietnamese labour export and skilled migration

Nguyen, Chi Hong (2014) Development and brain drain: a review of Vietnamese labour export and skilled migration. Migration and Development, Latest articles 1-22. doi:10.1080/21632324.2014.883243

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Author Nguyen, Chi Hong
Title Development and brain drain: a review of Vietnamese labour export and skilled migration
Journal name Migration and Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2163-2324
Publication date 2014-02-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/21632324.2014.883243
Open Access Status
Volume Latest articles
Start page 1
End page 22
Total pages 22
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Despite a growing body of research assessing the impacts of the 1986 Renovation (Đổi Mới) Policy on labour migration, little is known about how this policy influenced the evolution of labour export and professional migration policies in Vietnam. Based on the limited literature and secondary media sources available, this article aims to sketch the landscape of work migration from Vietnam, which is the result of the government’s attempt to participate in the international arena. In attempting to map out the research landscape through a review of work migration since 1986, this paper argues that the mobilities of recent Vietnamese work migrants have been shaped by social, economic and political conditions in Vietnam. Market socialism and multilateralism dictated by the Đổi Mới and subsequent policies have encouraged an outflow of labour migration as an emerging export industry managed by the government, and self-initiated professional migration as the government’s development tool for human capacity building. While politicians claim that Vietnam’s development is compromised by brain drain, little is known about the mobilities of skilled Vietnamese migrants as well as the extent to which the outflows of work migrants bring back forces for development. As there is a tendency to include labour export and self-initiated skilled migration as an amorphous group, this article points out five ‘myths’ in the research profile of Vietnamese work migration.
Keyword Development
Đổi Mới Policy
Labour migration
Professional migration
Social mobility
Vietnam's brain drain
Doi Moi Policy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 10 Feb 2014

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2015 Collection
School of Education Publications
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Created: Tue, 18 Mar 2014, 13:01:43 EST by Ms Kathleen Mcleod on behalf of School of Education