Testing flow-through air samplers for use in near-field vapour drift studies by measuring pyrimethanil in air after spraying

Geoghegan, Trudyanne S., Hageman, Kimberly J. and Hewitt, Andrew J. (2014) Testing flow-through air samplers for use in near-field vapour drift studies by measuring pyrimethanil in air after spraying. Environmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts, 16 3: 422-432. doi:10.1039/c3em00498h


Author Geoghegan, Trudyanne S.
Hageman, Kimberly J.
Hewitt, Andrew J.
Title Testing flow-through air samplers for use in near-field vapour drift studies by measuring pyrimethanil in air after spraying
Journal name Environmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2050-7887
2050-7895
Publication date 2014-03-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1039/c3em00498h
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 16
Issue 3
Start page 422
End page 432
Total pages 11
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Pesticide volatilisation and subsequent vapour drift reduce a pesticide's efficiency and contribute to environmental contamination. High-volume air samplers (HVSs) are often used to measure pesticide concentrations in air but these samplers are expensive to purchase and require network electricity, limiting the number and type of sites where they can be deployed. The flow-through sampler (FTS) presents an opportunity to overcome these limitations. The FTS is a wind-driven passive sampler that has been developed to quantify organic contaminants in remote ecosystems. FTSs differ from other passive samplers in that they turn into the wind and use the wind to draw air through the sampling media. The main objective of this work was to evaluate the FTS in a near-field pesticide vapour drift study by comparing the concentrations of pyrimethanil in air measured using one HVS and three FTSs placed in the same location. Pyrimethanil was sprayed onto a vineyard as part of normal pest management procedures. Air samples were collected every eight hours for 48 h. The volume of air sampled by the FTSs was calculated using the measured relationship between ambient wind speed and the wind speed inside the sampler as determined with a separate wind tunnel study. The FTSs sampled 1.7 to 40.6 m3 of air during each 8 h sampling period, depending on wind speed, whereas the mean volume sampled by the HVS was 128.7 m3. Mean pyrimethanil concentrations ranged from 0.4 to 3.2 μg m-3 of air. Inter-sampler reproducibility, as represented by percent relative standard deviation, for the three FTSs was ∼20%. The largest difference in FTS-derived versus HVS-derived pyrimethanil concentrations occurred during the lowest wind-speed period. During this period, it is likely that the FTS predominately acted like a traditional diffusion-based passive sampler. As indicated by both types of sampler, pyrimethanil concentrations in air changed by a factor of ∼2 during the two days after spaying. This work shows that the FTS has good potential for use in near-field vapour drift studies and that FTS technology could make multi-sampler experimental designs more feasible.
Keyword High-volume air samplers
Pyrimethanil
Pesticide volatilisation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
Official 2015 Collection
 
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