晚清商办与官督之变: 轮船招商局的早期经营管理

黎志刚 Lai, Chikong (2013) 晚清商办与官督之变: 轮船招商局的早期经营管理. Guanli xuejia, 19 51-59.

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Author 黎志刚 Lai, Chikong
Title 晚清商办与官督之变: 轮船招商局的早期经营管理
Translated title Game between private enterprises and Qing government: early management history of China Merchants' Company
Language of Title chi
eng
Journal name Guanli xuejia
Translated journal name China Management Magazine
Language of Journal Name chi
eng
ISSN 1674-1722
Publication date 2013-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status
Volume 19
Start page 51
End page 59
Total pages 8
Place of publication Beijing, China
Publisher Guoji Hangkong Zazhishe
Collection year 2014
Language eng
chi
Formatted abstract
轮船招商局(简称招商局)是李鸿章最早创办的官督商办企业,是中国第一家公司,也是近代中国规模最大和最早引进西方技术和管理方式的企业。轮船招商局的早期经历坎坷曲折,曾在该局经营事务多年的郑观应深有其感地指出:“创业难,救弊尤难,救弊必变法。”在一个充满挑战和剧变的政治经济环境中,招商局努力将官商合作的旧模式和新的合资企业制度融为一体,结果失败了,但这个实验显示由1872至1884年,当营运管理由商人负责时,招商局曾兴盛一时,但当政府由1885年起逐渐加强插手局务后,招商局便日渐衰落。从此视角来看,轮船招商局的历史是检讨中国大型企业经营成败的一个重要案例。

Lun-ch'uan chao-shang chü (The China Merchants’ Company) was established by Li Hongzhang. It was China’s first and most important corporation highlighted the late Ch’ing government's involvement in modern indigenous company and its use of this organizational structure marked a new departure in Chinese business practice. …..The history of this company provides an important case study of enterprise failure in Chinese history...

...A major finding of this study is that the operational problems and technological borrowing were the key issues of increasing operational cost but the fundamental problem was the links between operational problem, social networking and state business relations. My study provides an alternative perspective on why China was unable to achieve economic modernization in late nineteenth century.

Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Title only in English.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry
 
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Created: Thu, 13 Mar 2014, 10:04:26 EST by Lucy O'Brien on behalf of School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry