The more prototypical the better?: the allure of being seen as one sees oneself

Gomez, Angel, Jetten, Jolanda and Swann, William B., Jr. (2014) The more prototypical the better?: the allure of being seen as one sees oneself. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 17 2: 221-239. doi:10.1177/1368430213510570


Author Gomez, Angel
Jetten, Jolanda
Swann, William B., Jr.
Title The more prototypical the better?: the allure of being seen as one sees oneself
Journal name Group Processes and Intergroup Relations   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1368-4302
1461-7188
Publication date 2014-03
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1368430213510570
Open Access Status
Volume 17
Issue 2
Start page 221
End page 239
Total pages 19
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract Whereas past research has emphasized people's desire to be a prototypical group member within valued groups, this research explores people's competing desire to be seen as prototypical as they see themselves. Results of three studies show that evaluations that verified participants' self-perceived prototypicality were seen as especially credible and were accepted without evoking compensatory activity. We found evidence for compensatory activity whereby participants labeled as underprototypical were most likely to express similarity to other ingroup members and a desire to engage in behaviors designed to promote the ingroup. Those labeled as overprototypical were less likely to express similarity to other ingroup members and a desire to engage in progroup behaviors. A similar pattern was found on a behavioral measure whereby participants were asked to choose a majority or a minority pen. Contrary to the assumption that people are primarily motivated by a desire for self-enhancement, these findings emerged independent of perceived group desirability. These findings indicate the importance of the alignment between self-perceptions and ingroup perceptions when examining responses to intragroup position. Findings are discussed in relation to theoretical predictions derived from self-verification, self-categorization, and optimal distinctiveness theorizing.
Keyword Group loyalty
Prototypicality
Self-verification
Social identity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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