Collective identity and well-being of Bulgarian Roma adolescents and their mothers

Dimitrova, Radosveta, Chasiotis, Athanasios, Bender, Michael and van de Vijver, Fons J. R. (2014) Collective identity and well-being of Bulgarian Roma adolescents and their mothers. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43 3: 375-386. doi:10.1007/s10964-013-0043-1

Author Dimitrova, Radosveta
Chasiotis, Athanasios
Bender, Michael
van de Vijver, Fons J. R.
Title Collective identity and well-being of Bulgarian Roma adolescents and their mothers
Journal name Journal of Youth and Adolescence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0047-2891
Publication date 2014
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s10964-013-0043-1
Open Access Status
Volume 43
Issue 3
Start page 375
End page 386
Total pages 12
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract In Europe and specifically in Bulgaria, Roma represent the largest indigenous ethnic minority exposed to severe discrimination, social exclusion, poverty, and compromised well-being. To improve their conditions, identifying sources of psychological well-being for Roma is theoretically relevant and practically important. This study investigated the relation between ethnic, familial, and religious identities as salient collective identity components for psychological well-being among 194 Roma adolescents (age: M = 16.11 years, SD = 1.36) and their mothers (age: M = 35.95 years, SD = 3.54). The results indicated that in line with marginalization models of acculturation, Roma youth and their mothers showed a low endorsement of both Bulgarian mainstream and Roma ethnic identity. The average scores of well-being were also low. For both groups, familial identity was stronger compared to Roma, Bulgarian, and religious identity. A path model showed that collective identity was a positive predictor of well-being in both adolescents and mothers and that the mothers' collective identity was a predictor of adolescent well-being. Bulgarian mainstream identity had the strongest relationship with collective identity. It is concluded that, for Roma youth and their mothers, family is an important identity domain as it represents the most salient identification source that is not challenged in their environment.
Keyword Bulgaria
Religious identity
Roma adolescents and mothers
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 19 October 2013.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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