Weaning and supplementation increase liveweight gain of Bali (Bos javanicus) cattle of small-holder farmers in Central Lombok, Indonesia

Dahlanuddin, Dahlanuddin, Yulianto, T. B., Priyanti, A., Poppi, D. P. and Quigley, S. P. (2012) Weaning and supplementation increase liveweight gain of Bali (Bos javanicus) cattle of small-holder farmers in Central Lombok, Indonesia. Journal of Animal Production, 14 3: 173-179.

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Author Dahlanuddin, Dahlanuddin
Yulianto, T. B.
Priyanti, A.
Poppi, D. P.
Quigley, S. P.
Title Weaning and supplementation increase liveweight gain of Bali (Bos javanicus) cattle of small-holder farmers in Central Lombok, Indonesia
Formatted title
Weaning and supplementation increase liveweight gain of Bali (Bos javanicus) cattle of small-holder farmers in Central Lombok, Indonesia
Journal name Journal of Animal Production
ISSN 1411-2027
Publication date 2012-01-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 14
Issue 3
Start page 173
End page 179
Total pages 7
Place of publication Purwokerto, Central Java, Indonesia
Publisher Universitas Jenderal Soedirman
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract One of the constraints for improving productivity of Bali cattle in west Nusa Tenggara Province is the low growth rate of weaned calves. Results of on-station experiments showed that Sesbania grandiflora (sesbania) supplementation can significantly increase live weight gain of weaned calves. The objective of this experiment was to investigate whether sesbania supplementation can increase live weight gain of weaned calves and improve farmer income. This experiment was carried out in Tandek, Labulia Village (treatment village) and in Kelebuh and Sukaraja villages (control villages) central Lombok District from April to October 2008. A total of 21 calves (9 males and 12 females) aged 237±7 days with initial live weight of 122.3±4.5 kg were monitored in Kelebuh and Sukaraja villages (control villages). During the same period, 25 calves (13 males and 12 females) aged 237±6 days with initial weight of 108.8±4.1 kg were monitored in Tandek Village (treatment village) and fed fresh sesbania at 1% dry matter of live weight. To ensure that sesbania was fed at the recommended level, regular weighing of sesbania offered by each farmer was conducted 2-3 times per week. All calves were weighed every month to determine live weight gain. Farmers from the control villages and other villages were invited to a field day conducted in the treatment village at the end of the experiment. The results showed that sesbania supplementation significantly increased live weight gain (0.36±0.01 kg/day for calves in the treatment village compared to 0.22±0.01 kg/day for those in the control villages), increased body condition and health of the calves and improved farmer income. Weaning management and supplementation with sesbania was very easy to implement so most of the farmers participated in this study stated that they were willing to continue this feeding management.
Keyword Bali calves
Growth
Early weaning
Sesbania grandiflora
Lombok
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Agriculture and Food Sciences
 
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Created: Wed, 19 Feb 2014, 03:11:20 EST by Dr Simon Quigley on behalf of School of Agriculture and Food Sciences