Low virulent oral Candida albicans strains isolated from smokers

de Azevedo Izidoro, Ana Claudia Santos, Marafon Semprebom, Andressa, Brasil Baboni, Fernanda, Takaki Rosa, Rosimeire, Naval Machado, Maria Angela, Samaranayake, Lakshman Perera and Ribeiro Rosa, Edvaldo Antonio (2012) Low virulent oral Candida albicans strains isolated from smokers. Archives of Oral Biology, 57 2: 148-153. doi:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2011.08.016


Author de Azevedo Izidoro, Ana Claudia Santos
Marafon Semprebom, Andressa
Brasil Baboni, Fernanda
Takaki Rosa, Rosimeire
Naval Machado, Maria Angela
Samaranayake, Lakshman Perera
Ribeiro Rosa, Edvaldo Antonio
Title Low virulent oral Candida albicans strains isolated from smokers
Formatted title
Low virulent oral Candida albicans strains isolated from smokers
Journal name Archives of Oral Biology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0003-9969
1879-1506
Publication date 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.archoralbio.2011.08.016
Open Access Status
Volume 57
Issue 2
Start page 148
End page 153
Total pages 6
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Abstract It is widely accepted that tabagism is a predisposing factor to oral candidosis and cumulate data suggest that cigarette compounds may increase candidal virulence. To verify if enhanced virulence occurs in Candida albicans from chronic smokers, a cohort of 42 non-smokers and other of 58 smokers (all with excellent oral conditions and without signs of candidosis) were swabbed on tong dorsum and jugal mucosa. Results showed that oral candidal loads do not differ between smoker and non-smokers. Activities of secreted aspartyl-protease (Sap), phospholipase, chondroitinase, esterase-lipase, and haemolysin secretions were screened for thirty-two C. albicans isolates. There were detected significant increments in phospholipasic and chondroitinasic activities in isolates from non-smokers. For other virulence factors, no differences between both cohorts were achieved.
Keyword Candida albicans
Tabagism
Virulence
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Dentistry Publications
 
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