What means "participation" as a measure of social capital in Japanese Neighborhoods context?

Fujisawa, Yoshikazu, Hamano, Tsuyoshi, Ishida, Yu and Edirippulige, Sisira (2013). What means "participation" as a measure of social capital in Japanese Neighborhoods context?. In C. Douglas Johnson (Ed.), Social capital: theory, measurement and outcomes (pp. 171-184) New York, United States: Nova Science Publishers.

Author Fujisawa, Yoshikazu
Hamano, Tsuyoshi
Ishida, Yu
Edirippulige, Sisira
Title of chapter What means "participation" as a measure of social capital in Japanese Neighborhoods context?
Title of book Social capital: theory, measurement and outcomes
Place of Publication New York, United States
Publisher Nova Science Publishers
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
Open Access Status
Year available 2013
Series Social issues, justice and status
ISBN 9781624178221
Editor C. Douglas Johnson
Chapter number 7
Start page 171
End page 184
Total pages 14
Total chapters 18
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Subjects 3300 Social Sciences
Abstract/Summary Several studies have used "participation" for measuring social capital, but its significance within the Japanese societal context has not been clarified. These studies define " participation" as an individual activity, but Putnam (1995; 2000) describes it as a geographical network within a community realized through people's participation in activities. This study investigates whether the measure of participation used in Japanese research is contextually valid and whether it suits the Japanese context, using small, original data sets. We conducted a nationally representative survey based on the geodemographic segmentation system, which classifies households into 212 segments. Each neighborhood was randomly selected from each segment. In 2008, a questionnaire was mailed to the households in these neighborhoods and to measure participation in various associations respondents were required to rate their participation in six different activities. We conducted a multilevel analysis on 6,863 individuals nesting within 202 neighborhoods. The null model of the multilevel analysis with no predictors revealed a significant variation in participation across neighborhoods. Moreover, the variations in other models, adjusted for individual demographics and socioeconomic characteristics, were significant, indicating that the Japanese measure of participation in associations could be highly contextual in Japanese society; however, some type of " participation" measure is needed to verify its geographical adequacy.
Keyword Contextuality
Japanese society
Multilevel analysis
Social capital
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collection: Centre for Online Health Publications
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