Correlations, deviations and expectations: the Extended Principle of the Common Cause

Mazzola, Claudio (2013) Correlations, deviations and expectations: the Extended Principle of the Common Cause. Synthese, 190 14: 2853-2866. doi:10.1007/s11229-012-0089-8

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Author Mazzola, Claudio
Title Correlations, deviations and expectations: the Extended Principle of the Common Cause
Journal name Synthese   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0039-7857
1573-0964
Publication date 2013-09
Year available 2012
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s11229-012-0089-8
Open Access Status File (Author Post-print)
Volume 190
Issue 14
Start page 2853
End page 2866
Total pages 14
Place of publication Dordrecht, Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The Principle of the Common Cause is usually understood to provide causal explanations for probabilistic correlations obtaining between causally unrelated events. In this study, an extended interpretation of the principle is proposed, according to which common causes should be invoked to explain positive correlations whose values depart from the ones that one would expect to obtain in accordance to her probabilistic expectations. In addition, a probabilistic model for common causes is tailored which satisfies the generalized version of the principle, at the same time including the standard conjunctive-fork model as a special case.
Keyword Principle of the Common Cause
Correlation
Deviation
Expectation
Explanation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 16 March 2012

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry
 
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Created: Wed, 29 Jan 2014, 15:07:29 EST by Lucy O'Brien on behalf of School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry