Classical Athens was a patriarchal society where male citizens dominated public life. Women, regardless of age were treated legally as perpetual minors by the masters of their households. Citizen women were supposed to take care of the day-to-day running of their households and bear children, all the while staying in seclusion to preserve their good name. On the other hand, women were encouraged to take prominent roles in public religious life. In light of the public/private contradiction this created, this paper will review the way Athenians facilitated the participation of their women in local celebrations of the Thesmophoria.