Representing HIV/AIDS in Africa: pluralist photography and local empowerment

Bleiker, Roland and Kay, Amy (2013). Representing HIV/AIDS in Africa: pluralist photography and local empowerment. In Gustavo Subero (Ed.), HIV in World Cultures: Three Decades of Representations (pp. 169-202) Farnham, Surrey, UK: Ashgate.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Bleiker, Roland
Kay, Amy
Title of chapter Representing HIV/AIDS in Africa: pluralist photography and local empowerment
Title of book HIV in World Cultures: Three Decades of Representations
Place of Publication Farnham, Surrey, UK
Publisher Ashgate
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
Open Access Status
ISBN 9781409453987
Editor Gustavo Subero
Chapter number 10
Start page 169
End page 202
Total pages 34
Total chapters 11
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Roland Bleiker and Amy Kay’s ‘Representing HIV/AIDS in Africa: Pluralist Photography and Local Empowerment’ explores the nature and political consequences of representing HIV/AIDS in Africa, where the disease has taken its greatest toll. They examine how different methods of photography embody different ideologies through which they give meaning to political phenomena. They distinguish three photographic methods of representing HIV/AIDS: naturalist, humanist, and pluralist. Naturalist approaches portray photographs as neutral and value free. Humanist photography, by contrast, hinges on the assumption that images of suffering can invoke compassion in viewers, and that this compassion can become a catalyst for positive change. By examining a widely circulated iconic photograph of a Ugandan woman and her child affected by AIDS-related illnesses, they show that such representations can nevertheless feed into stereotypical portrayals of African people as nameless and passive victims, removed from the everyday realities of the Western world. They contrast these practices with pluralist photography. To do so, they examine a project in Addis Ababa, which used a methodology that placed cameras into the hands of children affected by HIV/AIDS, giving them the opportunity to actively represent what it means to live with the disease. The result is a form of dialog that opens up spaces for individuals and communities to work more effectively in overcoming problematic stigmas and finding ways of stemming the spread of the disease.
Keyword HIV/AIDS
Q-Index Code BX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes This chapter appeared first published in International Studies Quarterly (2007) 51, 139-163.

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Created: Tue, 21 Jan 2014, 11:26:16 EST by Roland Bleiker on behalf of School of Political Science & Internat'l Studies