Orchids of extreme serpentinite (ultramafic) habitats in Kinabalu Park

van der Ent, Antony and Wood, Jeffrey J. (2013) Orchids of extreme serpentinite (ultramafic) habitats in Kinabalu Park. Malesian Orchid Journal, 12 1: 39-54.

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Author van der Ent, Antony
Wood, Jeffrey J.
Title Orchids of extreme serpentinite (ultramafic) habitats in Kinabalu Park
Journal name Malesian Orchid Journal
ISSN 1985-3912
Publication date 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 12
Issue 1
Start page 39
End page 54
Total pages 16
Place of publication Sabah, Malaysia
Publisher Natural History Publications (Borneo)
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Kinabalu Park has some of the most species-rich vegetation on ultramafic soils anywhere in the world with high levels of endemism among orchids. Some of the most remarkable habitats are those formed on serpentinite, an ultramafic soil type with extreme chemical properties. The vegetation of serpentinite soils in Sabah is generally characterised by the trees Gymnostoma sumatranum or Ceuthostoma terminale (Casuarinaceae), as well as the shrub Scaevola micrantha (Goodeniaceae). A number of orchids are known only or predominantly to occur in serpentinite habitats, including well-known species such as Apostasia wallichii, Crepidium metallicum, Paphiopedilum dayanum, P. rothschildianum, Paraphalaenopsis labukensis, Phalaenopsis maculata, Porpax borneensis, and Renanthera bella. The characteristic open stature of the forest on serpentinite soils is likely the main factor contributing to the richness in terrestrial and epiphytic orchids. However, for terrestrial orchids, adaptations to the adverse chemical conditions of serpentinite soils may be a contributing factor for the high level of endemisrn in this habitat.
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Centre for Mined Land Rehabilitation Publications
Sustainable Minerals Institute Publications
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Created: Wed, 15 Jan 2014, 17:51:31 EST by Mr Antony Van Der Ent on behalf of Centre For Mined Land Rehabilitation