Sustainability of the rare earths industry

McLellan, B. C., Corder, G. D., Golev, A. and Ali, S. H. (2014). Sustainability of the rare earths industry. In: N. Agya Utama, Ben Mclellan, Suharman Hamzah, Agus Trihartono, Apip, Hatma Suryatmojo, Slamet Widodo, M. Ery Wijaya, S. Khoirul Himmi, Miguel Esteban, Hooman Farzaneh, Niken Prilandita, Novri Susan, Haryono Huboyo and Makruf Nurudin, The 4th International Conference on Sustainable Future for Human Security SUSTAIN 2013. 4th International Conference on Sustainable Future for Human Security (SustaiN 2013), Kyoto, Japan, (280-287). 18-21 October 2013. doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.035

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Author McLellan, B. C.
Corder, G. D.
Golev, A.
Ali, S. H.
Title of paper Sustainability of the rare earths industry
Conference name 4th International Conference on Sustainable Future for Human Security (SustaiN 2013)
Conference location Kyoto, Japan
Conference dates 18-21 October 2013
Proceedings title The 4th International Conference on Sustainable Future for Human Security SUSTAIN 2013   Check publisher's open access policy
Journal name Procedia Environmental Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Publication Year 2014
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.035
Open Access Status DOI
ISSN 1878-0296
Editor N. Agya Utama
Ben Mclellan
Suharman Hamzah
Agus Trihartono
Hatma Suryatmojo
Slamet Widodo
M. Ery Wijaya
S. Khoirul Himmi
Miguel Esteban
Hooman Farzaneh
Niken Prilandita
Novri Susan
Haryono Huboyo
Makruf Nurudin
Volume 20
Start page 280
End page 287
Total pages 8
Collection year 2015
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Rare Earths have been of considerable interest in recent years for a variety of reasons, in particular due to concerns over the security of supply for modern high efficiency electronics and energy technologies. Such concerns have placed them among the list of “critical” or “strategic” elements in countries such as the United States of America, the European Union, Japan and even in the largest producer and holder of reserves, China. Focus has been given to the environmental impacts of production, and on the distribution of reserves and politico-economic conflict over supply, but international academic work quantifying these impacts is lacking. Moreover, broader consideration of sustainability impacts and benefits in a systematic manner – particularly in regard to the social impacts of RE extraction, processing and utilisation – is not yet apparent.

This paper undertakes a review of the literature and state-of-play of sustainability assessment of rare earth elements. Furthermore, the paper highlights areas of sustainability research considered by academic and industrial representatives to be essential for filling these gaps, and a pathway forward towards a more sustainable rare earths industry.
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Presented during "Energy & Environment (EnE)" as Paper Number 47, Paper ID "EnE 109".

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Created: Tue, 14 Jan 2014, 11:11:13 EST by Dr Glen Corder on behalf of Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining