Semantic extension in kaytetye flora and fauna terms

Turpin, Myfany (2013) Semantic extension in kaytetye flora and fauna terms. Australian Journal of Linguistics, 33 4: 488-518. doi:10.1080/07268602.2013.857571

Author Turpin, Myfany
Title Semantic extension in kaytetye flora and fauna terms
Journal name Australian Journal of Linguistics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0726-8602
Publication date 2013-12-01
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/07268602.2013.857571
Volume 33
Issue 4
Start page 488
End page 518
Total pages 31
Place of publication Melbourne, VIC Australia
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Subject 1203 Design Practice and Management
3310 Linguistics and Language
Abstract Flora and fauna play a vital role in Indigenous cultures and their nomenclature reveals much about the society from which they belong. This article identifies the lexical structures and types of metaphor and metonymy that are used for naming plants and animals in Kaytetye, a language of central Australia. By linking semantic analysis to detailed ethnography this paper elucidates the cultural connections that underlie polysemous biota terms. Various types of semantic extension are found, including sign metonymy, where two or more species share a name because one signals the availability of the other. A subtype of this is what I call meaningful call metonymy. This is where an onomatopoeic bird name has lexical content, and thus the bird says the signalled phenomena. The paper also finds that alternate register terms turn up in everyday words for biota. The aim of this paper is thus twofold: to demonstrate the importance of investigating socio-cultural practices, multiple speech registers and ecological phenomena for understanding patterns of polysemy and diachronic semantics; and to identify the range of semantic extensions that give rise to biota nomenclature in Kaytetye, where we find the previously undescribed meaningful call metonymy.
Keyword Arandic Languages
Indigenous Languages
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Languages and Cultures Publications
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