High-intensity interval training in patients with lifestyle-induced cardiometabolic disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Weston, Kassia S., Wisløff, Ulrik and Coombes, Jeff S. (2013) High-intensity interval training in patients with lifestyle-induced cardiometabolic disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48 16: 1227-1234. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2013-092576


Author Weston, Kassia S.
Wisløff, Ulrik
Coombes, Jeff S.
Title High-intensity interval training in patients with lifestyle-induced cardiometabolic disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal name British Journal of Sports Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-3674
1473-0480
Publication date 2013-10-21
Year available 2013
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092576
Volume 48
Issue 16
Start page 1227
End page 1234
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher B M J Group
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background/Aim: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a strong determinant of morbidity and mortality. In athletes and the general population, it is established that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) is superior to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) in improving CRF. This is a systematic review and meta-analysis to quantify the efficacy and safety of HIIT compared to MICT in individuals with chronic cardiometabolic lifestyle diseases.

Methods: The included studies were required to have a population sample of chronic disease, where poor lifestyle is considered as a main contributor to the disease. The procedural quality of the studies was assessed by use of a modified Physiotherapy Evidence Base Database (PEDro) scale. A meta-analysis compared the mean difference (MD) of preintervention versus postintervention CRF (VO2peak) between HIIT and MICT.

Results: 10 studies with 273 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Participants had coronary artery disease, heart failure, hypertension, metabolic syndrome and obesity. There was a significantly higher increase in the VO2peak after HIIT compared to MICT (MD 3.03 mL/kg/min, 95% CI 2.00 to 4.07), equivalent to 9.1%.

Conclusions: HIIT significantly increases CRF by almost double that of MICT in patients with lifestyle-induced chronic diseases.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online ahead of print 21 October 2013.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 12 Jan 2014, 18:01:13 EST by Deborah Noon on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences