Lethal herpesvirosis in 16 captive horned vipers (Vipera ammodytes ammodytes): pathological and ultrastructural findings

Catoi, C., Gal, A. F., Taulescu, M. A., Palmieri, C. and Catoi, A. F. (2013) Lethal herpesvirosis in 16 captive horned vipers (Vipera ammodytes ammodytes): pathological and ultrastructural findings. Journal of Comparative Pathology, 150 2-3: 341-344. doi:10.1016/j.jcpa.2013.10.002

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Author Catoi, C.
Gal, A. F.
Taulescu, M. A.
Palmieri, C.
Catoi, A. F.
Title Lethal herpesvirosis in 16 captive horned vipers (Vipera ammodytes ammodytes): pathological and ultrastructural findings
Formatted title
Lethal herpesvirosis in 16 captive horned vipers (Vipera ammodytes ammodytes): pathological and ultrastructural findings
Journal name Journal of Comparative Pathology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0021-9975
1532-3129
Publication date 2013-10-14
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jcpa.2013.10.002
Volume 150
Issue 2-3
Start page 341
End page 344
Total pages 4
Place of publication Camden, London, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Sixteen captive adult horned vipers (Vipera ammodytes ammodytes) were submitted for necropsy examination following a 2-week history of lethargy, anorexia and dyspnoea. Gross lesions included widespread haemorrhage, serosanguineous effusions in the body cavities and multiple pinpoint white to yellow foci in the liver. Microscopically, there was multifocal hepatic coagulative necrosis associated with intranuclear acidophilic inclusion bodies in sinusoidal endothelial cells. Similar endothelial lesions were observed in the myocardium, fat bodies, kidneys and spleen. Transmission electron microscopy revealed numerous virions (100–110 nm) in the nuclei of endothelial cells and intracytoplasmic enveloped virions (140–150 nm) were also found. The gross and histological findings and the ultrastructural features of the intranuclear inclusions and viral particles were consistent with herpesviral infection. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first reported cases of a lethal herpesvirosis in horned vipers and the second report in snakes.
Keyword Herpesvirus
Inclusion bodies
Transmission electron microscopy
Vipera ammodytes
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 14 October 2013

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 07 Jan 2014, 05:23:34 EST by Chiara Palmieri on behalf of School of Veterinary Science