Mohammed, Beada’a J., Abbosh, Amin M., Mustafa, Samah and Ireland, David (2014) Microwave system for head imaging. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, 631: 117-123. doi:10.1109/TIM.2013.2277562
A wideband microwave system for head imaging is presented. The system includes an array of 16 corrugated tapered slot antennas that are installed on an adjustable platform. A switching device is used to enable the antennas to sequentially send a wideband 1-4 GHz microwave signal and capture the backscattered signals. Those signals are recorded using suitably designed virtual instrument software architecture. To test the capability of the system to detect brain injuries, a low-cost mixture of materials that emulate the frequency-dispersive electrical properties of the major brain tissues across the frequency band 1-4 GHz are used to construct a realistic-shape head phantom. A target that emulates a realistic hemorrhage stroke is fabricated and inserted in two different locations inside the fabricated head phantom. A preprocessing algorithm that utilizes the symmetry of the two halves of human head is used to extract the target response from the background reflections. A post-processing confocal algorithm is used to get an image of the phantom and to accurately detect the presence and location of the stroke.