Evidence synthesis: appropriateness of using a symbol to identify dementia and/or delirium

Hines, Sonia, Abbey, Jenny, Wilson, Jacinda and Sacre, Sandy (2010) Evidence synthesis: appropriateness of using a symbol to identify dementia and/or delirium. International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, 8 3: 126-128. doi:10.1111/j.1744-1609.2010.00169.x

Author Hines, Sonia
Abbey, Jenny
Wilson, Jacinda
Sacre, Sandy
Title Evidence synthesis: appropriateness of using a symbol to identify dementia and/or delirium
Journal name International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1744-1609
Publication date 2010-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1744-1609.2010.00169.x
Volume 8
Issue 3
Start page 126
End page 128
Total pages 3
Place of publication Carlton South, VIC, Australia
Publisher Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract Keywords: dementia;nursing;patient advocacy;systematic review Abstract Aim  The main objective of this systematic review was to evaluate any published and unpublished evidence regarding the appropriateness of developing a symbol for dementia and/or delirium, which could be used in a variety of settings to indicate that a person has dementia and/or delirium. Methods  Using the methods of the Joanna Briggs Institute, we conducted a systematic search of a wide range of databases, Internet resources and unpublished literature. Papers meeting the inclusion criteria were critically appraised by two independent reviewers. Data were extracted, using the standardised tool from the Joanna Briggs Institute, from those papers considered to be of sufficient quality. Because of significant methodological heterogeneity, no meta-analysis was possible and results are presented narratively instead. Results  From a total of 37 retrieved papers, 18 were found to be of sufficient relevance and quality to be included in the review. There was general consensus among the literature that a symbol for dementia is appropriate in the acute care setting. It was also clear from the research that an abstract symbol, as opposed to one that explicitly attempts to depict dementia, was most acceptable to staff, people with dementia and their carers. Conclusions  Both staff and health consumers seem to have largely positive perceptions and attitudes towards the use of a symbol for dementia. Families and carers of people with dementia are frequently concerned about their loved one wandering away and becoming lost and unable to identify themselves, and these concerns seem to outweigh any reservations they hold about the use of a symbol or some other identifier. In healthcare settings the use of symbols to indicate special needs seems well established and widely accepted. However, regarding the use of a symbol for dementia in the broader community, there remain concerns about issues such as stigmatisation and the potential for victimisation of this vulnerable population and so further research is indicated.
Keyword Dementia care
Patient advocacy
Systematic review
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
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Created: Thu, 19 Dec 2013, 12:38:11 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work