Effects of non-slip socks on gait patterns of older people when walking over a slippery surface

Hatton, Anna L., Sturnieks, Daina L., Lord, Stephen R., Lo, Joanne C. M., Menz, Hylton B. and Menant, Jasmine C. (2013) Effects of non-slip socks on gait patterns of older people when walking over a slippery surface. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 103 6: 471-479.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Hatton, Anna L.
Sturnieks, Daina L.
Lord, Stephen R.
Lo, Joanne C. M.
Menz, Hylton B.
Menant, Jasmine C.
Title Effects of non-slip socks on gait patterns of older people when walking over a slippery surface
Journal name Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 8750-7315
Publication date 2013-12-02
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 103
Issue 6
Start page 471
End page 479
Total pages 9
Place of publication Bethesda, MD, United States
Publisher American Podiatric Medical Association
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Slips are a common cause of falls, and nonslip socks have been marketed to prevent slips in older people. However, few studies have investigated the biomechanical and clinical effects of walking in nonslip socks. This study aimed to examine gait parameters in older people walking on a slippery surface wearing nonslip socks compared with standard sock and barefoot conditions.

Methods: Fifteen older people completed five trials of the fast-paced Timed Up and Go test while barefoot and while wearing standard socks and nonslip socks. Kinematic data (step length, heel horizontal velocity at heel strike, and foot-floor angle at heel strike) and clinical data (total Timed Up and Go test time, total number of steps, number of steps in turn, and observed slips, trips, or falls) were collected.

Results: Performance on the Timed Up and Go test did not differ between the barefoot and nonslip sock conditions; however, participants walked more slowly and took shorter steps when wearing standard socks. Participants rated nonslip socks to feel less slippery than barefoot and standard socks.

Conclusions: Compared with wearing standard socks, wearing nonslip socks improves gait performance and may be beneficial in reducing the risk of slipping in older people.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
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Created: Tue, 03 Dec 2013, 15:33:10 EST by Anna Hatton on behalf of School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences