Fear of Wolves and Bears: Physiological Responses and Negative Associations in a Swedish Sample

Flykt, Anders, Johansson, Marie, Karlsson, Jens, Lindeberg, Sofie and Lipp, Ottmar V. (2013) Fear of Wolves and Bears: Physiological Responses and Negative Associations in a Swedish Sample. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 18 6: 416-434. doi:10.1080/10871209.2013.810314


Author Flykt, Anders
Johansson, Marie
Karlsson, Jens
Lindeberg, Sofie
Lipp, Ottmar V.
Title Fear of Wolves and Bears: Physiological Responses and Negative Associations in a Swedish Sample
Journal name Human Dimensions of Wildlife   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1087-1209
1533-158X
Publication date 2013
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/10871209.2013.810314
Open Access Status
Volume 18
Issue 6
Start page 416
End page 434
Total pages 20
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA United States
Publisher Taylor and Francis Inc
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Subject 2308 Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
2309 Nature and Landscape Conservation
Abstract Human fear is important in wildlife management, but self-reported fear provides only partial information about fear reactions. Thus, eye movements, skin conductance, and changes in heart rate were assessed during picture viewing, visual search, and implicit evaluation tasks. Pictures of bears, wolves, moose, and hares were presented to participants who self-reported as fearful of bears (n = 8), fearful of bears and wolves (n = 15), or not fearful of bears or wolves (n = 14). The feared animal was expected to elicit strong physiological responses, be dwelled upon, and be associated with negative words. Independent of fearfulness, bear pictures elicited the strongest physiological responses, and wolf pictures showed the strongest negative associations. The bear-fearful group showed stronger physiological responses to bears. The bear- and wolf-fearful group showed more difficulty in associating bears with good words. Presence of a feared animal in the search task, resulted in prolonged response time.
Keyword Bear
Fear
Heart rate
Implicit Association Test
Reaction times
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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