Substituting objects from consciousness: A review of object substitution masking

Goodhew, Stephanie C., Pratt, Jay, Dux, Paul E. and Ferber, Susanne (2013) Substituting objects from consciousness: A review of object substitution masking. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 20 5: 859-877. doi:10.3758/s13423-013-0400-9


Author Goodhew, Stephanie C.
Pratt, Jay
Dux, Paul E.
Ferber, Susanne
Title Substituting objects from consciousness: A review of object substitution masking
Journal name Psychonomic Bulletin and Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1069-9384
1531-5320
Publication date 2013-10
Year available 2013
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.3758/s13423-013-0400-9
Volume 20
Issue 5
Start page 859
End page 877
Total pages 19
Place of publication New York, NY United States
Publisher Springer New York LLC
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Object substitution masking (OSM) occurs when a sparse (e.g., four-dot), temporally trailing mask obscures the visibility of a briefly presented target. Here, we review theories of OSM: those that propose that OSM reflects the interplay between feedforward and feedback/reentrant neural processes, those that predict that feedforward processing alone gives rise to the phenomenon, and theories that focus on cognitive explanations, such as object updating. We discuss how each of these theories accommodates key findings from the OSM literature. In addition, we examine the relationship between OSM and other visual-cognitive phenomena, including object correspondence through occlusion, change blindness, metacontrast masking, backward masking, and visual short-term memory. Finally, we examine the level of processing at which OSM impairs target perception. Collectively, OSM appears to reflect the conditions under which the brain confuses two visual events for one when they are encoded with low spatiotemporal resolution, due to processing resources being otherwise occupied.
Keyword Object substitution masking
Attention
Reentrant processing
Consciousness
Short term memory
Lateral Geniculate Nucleus
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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