Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition: case study

Haakonssen, Eric C., Martin, David T., Burke, Louise M. and Jenkins, David G. (2013) Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition: case study. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8 6: 699-701.

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Author Haakonssen, Eric C.
Martin, David T.
Burke, Louise M.
Jenkins, David G.
Title Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition: case study
Journal name International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1555-0265
1555-0273
Publication date 2013-11-29
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 8
Issue 6
Start page 699
End page 701
Total pages 3
Place of publication Champaign, IL United States
Publisher Human Kinetics, Inc
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Body composition in a female road cyclist was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (5 occasions) and anthropometry (10 occasions) at the start of the season (Dec to Mar), during a period of chronic fatigue associated with poor weight management (Jun to Aug), and in the following months of recovery and retraining (Aug to Nov). Dietary manipulation involved a modest reduction in energy availability to 30–40 kcal · kg fat-free mass–1 · d–1 and an increased intake of high-quality protein, particularly after training (20 g). Through the retraining period, total body mass decreased (–2.82 kg), lean mass increased (+0.88 kg), and fat mass decreased (–3.47 kg). Hemoglobin mass increased by 58.7 g (8.4%). Maximal aerobic- and anaerobic- power outputs were returned to within 2% of preseason values. The presented case shows that through a subtle energy restriction associated with increased protein intake and sufficient energy intake during training, fat mass can be reduced with simultaneous increases in lean mass, performance gains, and improved health.
Keyword Cycling
Body composition
Anthropometry
Dual energy X ray absorptiometry
Q-Index Code CX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
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School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 29 Nov 2013, 11:10:31 EST by Dr David Jenkins on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences