Overview of the taxonomy of zooxanthellate Scleractinia

Veron, John (2013) Overview of the taxonomy of zooxanthellate Scleractinia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 169 3: 485-508. doi:10.1111/zoj.12076


Author Veron, John
Title Overview of the taxonomy of zooxanthellate Scleractinia
Journal name Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0024-4082
1096-3642
Publication date 2013-11
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/zoj.12076
Open Access Status
Volume 169
Issue 3
Start page 485
End page 508
Total pages 24
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Subject 1103 Clinical Sciences
1105 Dentistry
Abstract Coral taxonomy has entered a historical phase where nomenclatorial uncertainty is rapidly increasing. The fundamental cause is mandatory adherence to historical monographs that lack essential information of all sorts, and also to type specimens, if they exist at all, that are commonly unrecognizable fragments or are uncharacteristic of the species they are believed to represent. Historical problems, including incorrect subsequent type species designations, also create uncertainty for many well-established genera. The advent of insitu studies in the 1970s revealed these issues; now molecular technology is again changing the taxonomic landscape. The competing methodologies involved must be seen in context if they are to avoid becoming an additional basis for continuing nomenclatorial instability. To prevent this happening, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) will need to focus on rules that consolidate well-established nomenclature and allow for the designation of new type specimens that are unambiguous, and which include both skeletal material and soft tissue for molecular study. Taxonomic and biogeographic findings have now become linked, with molecular methodologies providing the capacity to re-visit past taxonomic decisions, and to extend both taxonomy and biogeography into the realm of evolutionary theory. It is proposed that most species will ultimately be seen as operational taxonomic units that are human rather than natural constructs, which in consequence will always have fuzzy morphological, genetic, and distribution boundaries. The pathway ahead calls for the integration of morphological and molecular taxonomies, and for website delivery of information that crosses current discipline boundaries.
Keyword Biogeography
Coral
Historical taxonomy
Molecular taxonomy
Morphological taxonomy
Scleractinia
Taxonomy
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Global Change Institute Publications
Official 2014 Collection
 
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