Multiple behavioural impulsivity tasks predict prospective alcohol involvement in adolescents

Fernie, Gordon, Peeters, Margot, Gullo, Matthew J., Christiansen, Paul, Cole, Jon C., Sumnall, Harry and Field, Matt (2013) Multiple behavioural impulsivity tasks predict prospective alcohol involvement in adolescents. Addiction, 108 11: 1916-1923. doi:10.1111/add.12283

Author Fernie, Gordon
Peeters, Margot
Gullo, Matthew J.
Christiansen, Paul
Cole, Jon C.
Sumnall, Harry
Field, Matt
Title Multiple behavioural impulsivity tasks predict prospective alcohol involvement in adolescents
Journal name Addiction   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0965-2140
Publication date 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/add.12283
Volume 108
Issue 11
Start page 1916
End page 1923
Total pages 8
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Collection year 2014
Subject 2701 Medicine (miscellaneous)
2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
Formatted abstract
Aims: We investigated reciprocal prospective relationships between multiple behavioural impulsivity tasks (assessing delay discounting, risk-taking and disinhibition) and alcohol involvement (consumption, drunkenness and problems) among adolescents. We hypothesized that performance on the tasks would predict subsequent alcohol involvement, and that alcohol involvement would lead to increases in behavioural impulsivity over time.

Design: Cross-lagged prospective design in which impulsivity and alcohol involvement were assessed five times over 2 years (once every 6 months, on average). Setting: Classrooms in secondary schools in North West England. Participants: Two hundred and eighty-seven adolescents (51.2% male) who were aged 12 or 13 years at study enrolment.

Measurements: Participants reported their alcohol involvement and completed computerized tasks of disinhibition, delay discounting and risk-taking at each assessment. Cross-sectional and prospective relationships between the variables of interest were investigated using cross-lagged analyses.

Findings: All behavioural impulsivity tasks predicted a composite index of alcohol involvement 6 months later (all Ps<0.01), and these prospective relationships were reliable across the majority of time-points. Importantly, we did not observe the converse relationship across time: alcohol involvement did not predict performance on behavioural impulsivity tasks at any subsequent time point.

Conclusions: Several measures of impulsivity predict escalation in alcohol involvement in young adolescents, but alcohol use does not appear to alter impulsivity.
Keyword Adolescents
Delay discounting
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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