Nutrition screening and assessment in Parkinson's disease: a comparison of methods

Sheard, Jamie M., Ash, Susan, Mellick, George D., Silburn, Peter A. and Kerr, Graham K. (2013) Nutrition screening and assessment in Parkinson's disease: a comparison of methods. e-SPEN Journal, 8 5: e187-e192. doi:10.1016/j.clnme.2013.08.001

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Author Sheard, Jamie M.
Ash, Susan
Mellick, George D.
Silburn, Peter A.
Kerr, Graham K.
Title Nutrition screening and assessment in Parkinson's disease: a comparison of methods
Journal name e-SPEN Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2212-8263
Publication date 2013-10
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.clnme.2013.08.001
Open Access Status
Volume 8
Issue 5
Start page e187
End page e192
Total pages 5
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background & aims: Nutrition screening and assessment enable early identification of malnourished people and those at risk of malnutrition. Appropriate assessment tools assist with informing and monitoring nutrition interventions. Tool choice needs to be appropriate to the population and setting.

Methods: Community-dwelling people with Parkinson's disease (>18 years) were recruited. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from weight and height. Participants were classified as underweight according to World Health Organisation (WHO) (≤18.5kg/m2) and age specific (<65 years, ≤18.5kg/m2; ≥65 years, ≤23.5kg/m2) cut-offs. The Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) screening (MNA-SF) and total assessment scores were calculated. The Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA), including the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), was performed. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and weighted kappa statistic of each of the above compared to SGA were determined.

Results: Median age of the 125 participants was 70.0(35-92) years. Age-specific BMI (Sn 68.4%, Sp 84.0%) performed better than WHO (Sn 15.8%, Sp 99.1%) categories. MNA-SF performed better (Sn 94.7%, Sp 78.3%) than both BMI categorisations for screening purposes. MNA had higher specificity but lower sensitivity than PG-SGA (MNA Sn 84.2%, Sp 87.7%; PG-SGA Sn 100.0%, Sp 69.8%).

Conclusions: BMI lacks sensitivity to identify malnourished people with Parkinson's disease and should be used with caution. The MNA-SF may be a better screening tool in people with Parkinson's disease. The PG-SGA performed well and may assist with informing and monitoring nutrition interventions. Further research should be conducted to validate screening and assessment tools in Parkinson's disease.
Keyword Assessment
Malnutrition
Nutritional status
Parkinson's disease
Screening
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2014 Collection
 
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Created: Thu, 28 Nov 2013, 20:03:34 EST by System User on behalf of UQ Centre for Clinical Research