A life course approach to reproductive aging

Tom, Sarah E. and Mishra, Gita D. (2013). A life course approach to reproductive aging. In Volodymyr Dvornyk (Ed.), Current topics in menopause (pp. 3-19) Sharjah, United Arab Emirates ; Oak Park, Ill United States: Bentham Science Publishers. doi:10.2174/9781608054534113010004

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Author Tom, Sarah E.
Mishra, Gita D.
Title of chapter A life course approach to reproductive aging
Title of book Current topics in menopause
Place of Publication Sharjah, United Arab Emirates ; Oak Park, Ill United States
Publisher Bentham Science Publishers
Publication Year 2013
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
DOI 10.2174/9781608054534113010004
Open Access Status
Year available 2013
ISBN 9781608055159
Editor Volodymyr Dvornyk
Chapter number 1
Start page 3
End page 19
Total pages 17
Total chapters 14
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Subjects 2700 Medicine
Abstract/Summary We describe how a woman's age at menopause and whether she experiences natural or surgical menopause depends on her social and biological experiences from prenatal through adult life. We contrast evidence from Western industrialized nations and developing countries. Menopause occurs because of the depletion of the follicular reserve or as a result of surgery. Among the most robust risk factors for age at natural menopause are those that influence follicular pool development and decline, including birth outcomes, early life development and socioeconomic status, smoking, and parity. Relationships with indicators of reproductive health from earlier in life, adult weight, and adult socioeconomic status have less robust relationships with age at and type of menopause. Hysterectomy is related to socioeconomic status across the life course, parity, and weight in mid to later adulthood. While studies from Western industrialized countries are more numerous, studies from developing countries suggest differences in socioeconomic status and early life development for both age at menopause and type of menopause. We close by providing suggestions for how future research may further the understanding of the interaction of social and biological contributors to age at and type of menopause.
Keyword Age at menarche
Birth outcomes
Developing countries
Life course
Natural menopause
Reproductive aging
Reproductive characteristics
Socioeconomic status
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
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Created: Thu, 28 Nov 2013, 18:48:06 EST by System User on behalf of School of Public Health