A general response style factor: evidence from a multi-ethnic study in the Netherlands

He, Jia and van de Vijver, Fons J. R. (2013) A general response style factor: evidence from a multi-ethnic study in the Netherlands. Personality and Individual Differences, 55 7: 794-800. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.06.017

Author He, Jia
van de Vijver, Fons J. R.
Title A general response style factor: evidence from a multi-ethnic study in the Netherlands
Journal name Personality and Individual Differences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0191-8869
Publication date 2013-10-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2013.06.017
Open Access Status
Volume 55
Issue 7
Start page 794
End page 800
Total pages 7
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Collection year 2014
Language eng
Abstract In a cross-cultural study we addressed commonalities and differences of acquiescence, extremity, midpoint responding, and socially desirable responding that can be taken to constitute a single underlying response style. Participants were 548 Dutch nationals and 1116 first- and second-generation immigrants of Western and Non-Western origins in the Netherlands. Self-report measures of the four response styles, and personality traits were administered. Conventional, indirect measures of acquiescence, extremity, and midpoint responding were also calculated. A multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed support for a general response style factor with positive loadings of extremity and socially desirable responding, and negative loadings of acquiescence and midpoint responding. The response style factor was strongly associated with personality (notably the "Big One" factor). Furthermore, acquiescence and impression management were related to agreeableness, extremity and midpoint responding to extraversion, and self-deceptive enhancement to neuroticism. These findings support a view that there is a general response style factor and that, in addition, each response style has some unique meaning. The ethnic groups differed significantly on response style use, with Non-Western immigrants showing higher acquiescence and midpoint responding than the other groups. The general response style factor can be interpreted as a communication filter that moderates self-reports. Implications are discussed.
Keyword "Big One"
General factor
Response styles
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 9 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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