The role of personality, family influences, and prosocial risk-taking behavior on substance use in early adolescence

Wood, Andrew P., Dawe, Sharon and Gullo, Matthew J. (2013) The role of personality, family influences, and prosocial risk-taking behavior on substance use in early adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 36 5: 871-881. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.07.003


Author Wood, Andrew P.
Dawe, Sharon
Gullo, Matthew J.
Title The role of personality, family influences, and prosocial risk-taking behavior on substance use in early adolescence
Journal name Journal of Adolescence   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0140-1971
1095-9254
Publication date 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.07.003
Volume 36
Issue 5
Start page 871
End page 881
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Academic Press
Collection year 2014
Subject 2735 Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
2738 Psychiatry and Mental health
3204 Developmental and Educational Psychology
3207 Social Psychology
Abstract Impulsivity is clearly associated with adolescent substance use. However, contemporary models of impulsivity argue against a unitary construct and propose at least two potential facets of impulsivity: reward drive and disinhibition. This study investigated the mediating role of prosocial risk-taking in the association between these two facets of impulsivity, family environment, and substance use in Grade 8 students, age 12-14 years (N=969). For girls, traits related to disinhibition referred to as rash impulsivity were directly associated with greater substance use and, unexpectedly, reward drive was indirectly associated with greater substance use through participation in physical-risk activities, which itself predicted greater use. For boys, participation in physical-risk activities was the only direct predictor of substance use and, as in girls, reward drive conveyed indirect risk through this pathway. Family environment, reward drive, and rash impulsivity were associated with participation in performance-risk activities, and prosocial behavior more generally, but neither of these hypothesized mediators was related to substance use.
Keyword Adolescents
Alcohol
Impulsivity
Personality
Substance abuse
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2014 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 28 Nov 2013, 18:03:35 EST by System User on behalf of Centre for Youth Substance Abuse